International Yiddish Conference & Retreat

Moshe Baran: Krasne Ghetto,Poland; Linz, Austria; Pittsburgh

Moshe Baran

MOSHE BARAN was born December 1, 1920, the son of Joseph and Esther Weisbord Baran and raised in Horodok Ghetto, which was then Poland. In the Spring of 1942 the Nazis sent him to Krasne, the area’s last ghetto and forced labor camp, in the forests and swamps near Wileyka-Ilia, Bielorussia. He worked laying railroad ties. One night he escaped and joined a resistance group sabotaging and ambushing German troops. In July 1944, the region was liberated and he joined the Russian army. He was sent him to the front in Gdansk until the end of the war in May 1945. In a displaced persons camp in Linz, Austria, Baran met his future wife, Malka, who had survived Treblinka. They married in the newly formed State of Israel and, in 1954, moved to New York. He worked many years in real estate management, and she had a long career in early childhood education. After retirement, they tutored immigrants applying for U.S. citizenship. Mr. Baran had one brother and two sisters. His brother, Joshua, and one sister, Mina, survived the Holocaust; his mother was the only surviving mother from his home town. His father and one sister perished.